Could a Moscow satellite town appeal to Muscovites looking for a place to live? With our concept based on the newly incorporated district of Selyatino village, we tried to answer that question. All of the district’s functions are arranged compactly, using less land, allowing for the construction of diverse, predominantly low-rise housing, as well as for the creation of landscaped green space, public spaces, sports infrastructure, and cultural institutions.
To develop a concept for a new type of residential area, based on the new Moscow district of the satellite town Selyatino.
All vital functions have been arranged compactly. This, and the rational use of the territory freed up as a result of forest management, allows for the creation of an optimally comfortable, diverse and green way of life.
The suburban village of Selyatino is located in the Naro-Fominsky District of Moscow Region, at the border of New Moscow, where the Kiev Highway and the Small Moscow Ring Road intersect. Major roads and railway lines surround the village on three sides, leaving the south-west as the village’s only option for expansion.
The south-west's forest was recently struck by the European spruce bark beetle and hence needed to be cleared to prevent further spread, allowing for the construction of new residential buildings, public spaces, and other facilities for the new district. The area’s future residents will nonetheless be surrounded by forest: it will return as landscaped recreational zones within walking distance of the housing.
A 73-hectare plot was chosen in the south-west of Selyatino, in between the railway and the Kiev Highway. The project aims to develop the area, constructing on the patches of land from which the forest has been cleared and landscaping the remaining forest surrounding them, thus creating a woodland recreational area for the residents of the entire district.
Construction in the district will consist mainly of three types of housing: apartment buildings with varying numbers of floors (predominantly five-storeys, with a minimum of two and a maximum of seven storeys), row houses for larger families, and spacious city villas located in the forest that can house several families. The apartment buildings will be organised in blocks, and their courtyards will not serve as parking lots. The buildings’ first floors are reserved for public use: shopping, services, or cultural institutions. Residents of the single-family homes in the row houses will have their own back gardens.
However, to make the district a worthy competitor for the metropolis, it needs to have other functions besides housing, such as educational institutions. Firstly, the district will host the Institute of Housing Construction, a science and technology centre. This includes academic buildings and a residential campus designed for 3000 students, as well as a stadium, a cultural centre and a library. Secondly, the district will be home to three kindergartens and a school for 1, 300 children.
The woods surrounding the newly constructed neighbourhood on three sides will turn into forested recreational zones with a pond and beaches, toilet facilities, a life guard tower, an exercise area, a skating track, trails for horse riding and cycling, and furnished recreational areas for picnics.
The concept proposes to turn the strip of land separating the new district and old Selyatino into a city park with multilevel lighting, benches, bicycle lanes and running tracks, kiosks and cafés, and a variety of greenery. In total, the proposal entails the creation of 350 hectares of forest.
A large amount of greenery will also be created around the residential blocks, significantly surpassing the standart requirements. Different types of public space will be developed for the new district, corresponding to the different needs of its residents - recreational spaces for children, walking, open air games, and sports. All of the district’s public spaces are to be united by a network of bicycle and pedestrian paths.